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Advances in imaging of the female breast have substantially influenced the diagnosis and probably also the therapy and prognosis of breast cancer in the past few years. This article gives an overview of the most important imaging modalities in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Digital mammography is considered to be the gold standard for the early detection of breast cancer.
Screening examinations are tests performed to find disease before symptoms begin. The goal of screening is to detect disease at its earliest and most treatable stage. In order to be widely accepted and recommended by medical practitioners, a screening program must meet a number of criteriaincluding reducing the number of deaths from the given disease.
Newer types of tests are being developed for breast imaging. Some of these are already being used in certain situations, while others are still being studied. It will take time to see if any are as good as or better than those used today.
If cancer is found in your breast, your doctor will assess the stage or extent of the disease. Staging is an effort to determine if the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Your doctor may use blood and imaging tests to learn the stage of the disease.
Download Printer Friendly Version. Breast cancer forms in tissues of the breast—usually in the ductstubes that carry milk to the nipple, and lobulesthe glands that make milk. It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare.
What is it? How it works: The short-lived radioactive agent 99mTc-sestamibi accumulates in cancer cells more than normal cells, allowing cancer to be seen on the basis of differences in metabolism. Starting about 5 minutes after intravenous injection of the radiotracer, each breast is gently stabilized between two detectors Figure MBIor between one detector and a compression paddle Figure
One of the things we run into are 'little bright objects'. These foci are enhancing areas of less than 5mm in diameter and are too small to characterize. They have persistent type 1 curves.