The vulva pudendum refers to the external female genitalia. Its functions are threefold:. This is initially treated with antibiotics, but occasionally can be complicated by the formation of a cyst or abscess.
Vulvodynia vul-voe-DIN-e-uh is chronic pain or discomfort around the opening of your vagina vulva for which there's no identifiable cause and which lasts at least three months. The pain, burning or irritation associated with vulvodynia can make you so uncomfortable that sitting for long periods or having sex becomes unthinkable. The condition can last for months to years.
The vulva plural vulvas or vulvae; derived from Latin for wrapper or covering consists of the external female sex organs. The vulva includes the mons pubislabia majoralabia minoraclitorisvestibular bulbsvulval vestibuleurinary meatusthe vaginal openingand Bartholin's and Skene's vestibular glands. The urinary meatus is also included as it opens into the vulval vestibule.
Pelvic congestion syndrome is long-lasting chronic pain in the lowest part of the torso pelvis caused by accumulation of blood in veins of the pelvis, which have widened dilated and become convoluted. Pelvic congestion syndrome seems to be a common cause of chronic pelvic pain pelvic pain lasting more than 6 months. Pain occurs because blood accumulates in veins of the pelvis, which have dilated and become convoluted called varicose veins.
Anatomically, the vulvar veins have communicating branches and anastomoses between the pelvic wall and the veins of internal organs, between the internal and external iliac venous system, and with the circulation of the medial aspect of the thigh via the perineal veins. Vulvar varices are not caused by an increase in circulatory volume during pregnancy, but by increased levels of estrogen and progesterone. Vulvar veins are the target of these hormones.
The vaginal vein refers to the group of blood vessels located near the genitalia on the female human body. They are part of a network of blood vessels known as the vaginal venous plexus. The vaginal vein's physiologic function is dependent on the plexus.
The vagina is an organ of the female reproductive tract. It is a distensible muscular tube which extends posterosuperiorly from the external vaginal orifice to the cervix. In this article, we will look at the anatomy of the vagina — its structure, innervation, vascular and lymphatic supply.
By David Terfera, Shereen Jegtvig. The perineum is the region between the thighs inferior to the pelvic diaphragm. The boundaries of this region are the same as that for the pelvic outlet, namely the pubic symphysis, ischiopubic rami, sacrotuberous ligaments, and coccyx. The perineum has a roof formed by the pelvic diaphragm and a floor of fascia and skin.
Sexual dysfunction affects both men and women, involving organic disorders, psychological problems, or both. Overall, the state of our knowledge is less advanced regarding female sexual physiology in comparison with male sexual function. Female sexual dysfunction has received little clinical and basic research attention and remains a largely untapped field in medicine.
There are also multiple non-genital peripheral anatomic structures involved in female sexual responses such as salivary and sweat glands, cutaneous blood vessels and nipples. The vagina consists of a tube of autonomically-innervated smooth muscle longitudinal outer, inner circular layer lined by stratified squamous epithelium and a sub-dermal layer rich in capillaries. The vaginal wall consists of an inner glandular mucous type stratified squamous cell epithelium supported by a thick lamina propia. This epithelium undergoes hormone-related cyclical changes including slight keratinization of the superficial cells during the menstrual cycle.