Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in Asia are limited in comparison to many other areas of the world. Same-sex sexual activity is outlawed in at least twenty Asian countries. In some relatively secular Muslim-majority countries such as AzerbaijanJordanand Turkeyhomosexuality is legal, but usually socially unacceptable.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in Canada are some of the most advanced in the Americas and in the world. Same-sex sexual activity has been lawful in Canada since June 27,when the Criminal Law Amendment Act also known as Bill C came into force upon royal assent. Canada has frequently been referred to as one of the most gay-friendly countries in the world, with its largest cities often named among the most gay-friendly cities in the world, and featuring their own gay areas and communities such as Toronto 's Church and Wellesley neighbourhood, Montreal 's Gay Village commercial districtVancouver 's Davie Village and Ottawa 's Bank Street Gay Village.
Social movements may focus on equal rights, such as the s movement for marriage equality, or they may focus on liberation, as in the gay liberation movement of the s and s. Earlier movements focused on self-help and self-acceptance, such as the homophile movement of the s. Although there is not a primary or an overarching central organization that represents all LGBT people and their interests, numerous LGBT rights organizations are active worldwide.
However, a lesser known indecent exposure law that often targeted homosexuals was introduced in before being repealed twenty years later. After granting same-sex couples domestic partnership benefits known as the civil solidarity pactFrance became the thirteenth country in the world to legalise same-sex marriage in Laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity were enacted in andrespectively. InFrance became the first country in the world to declassify transgenderism as a mental illness.
With the exception of South Africa and Cape Verdelesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in Africa are very limited in comparison to many other areas of the world. Out of the 54 states recognised by the United Nations or African Union or both, the International Gay and Lesbian Association stated in that homosexuality is outlawed in 34 African countries. Sincesome developed countries have been considering or implementing laws that limit or prohibit general budget support to countries that restrict the rights of LGBT people.
Laws affecting lesbiangaybisexualand transgender LGBT people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction — encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality. Notably, as of [update]28 countries recognize same-sex marriage. By contrast, 14 countries or jurisdictions impose the death penalty for homosexuality.
Before and during the formation of the United KingdomChristianity and homosexuality clashed. Same-sex sexual activity was characterised as "sinful" and, under the Buggery Actwas outlawed and punishable by death. LGBT rights first came to prominence following the decriminalisation of sexual activity between men, in in England and Walesand later in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in the United States have significantly progressed over time, with the majority of the progress on LGBT rights having taken place in the late 20th century and early 21st century. While the United States is considered by some a tolerant country with regards to LGBT rights, they continue to vary by jurisdictionand discrimination in jobs and housing is still legal in most states. The Equality Actwhich is currently proposed in the United States Congresswould outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity nationwide.
Sixteen out of the 26 countries that have legalised same-sex marriage worldwide are situated in Europe. A further twelve European countries have legalised civil unions or other forms of more limited recognition for same-sex couples. Armenia and Estonia recognise same-sex marriages performed in any foreign jurisdiction where they are permitted.
Despite this, Italy is considered a gay-friendly country and public opinion on homosexuality is generally regarded as increasingly culturally liberalalthough LGBT people in Italy still face cases of homophobia. Same-sex civil unions and unregistered cohabitation have been legally recognized since June In Italyboth male and female same-sex sexual activity have been legal sincewhen a new Penal Code was promulgated.