Arthritis is a condition that irritates or destroys a joint. Although there are several types of arthritis, the one that most often affects the joint at the base of the thumb the basal joint is osteoarthritis degenerative or "wear-and-tear" arthritis. Smooth cartilage covers the ends of the bones.
Christopher W. Bunt offutt. How should you treat these common causes of nontraumatic thumb pain?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that happens when the median nerve is compressed or squeezed as it passes through the wrist. This happens when the carpal tunnel inside your wrist becomes inflamed. The median nerve controls some of the muscles that move the thumb and carries information back to the brain about sensations in your thumb and fingers. When the nerve is squeezed it can cause tingling, numbness, pain or aching in the affected hand.
A joint is formed when two bones meet and articulate, which allows movement. Joints are lined with smooth cartilage that allows for the easy movement of one bone relative to another. Osteoarthritisor degenerative arthritis, is a process that occurs with aging and describes the deterioration of the joint cartilage.
Thumb arthritis is most common in the thumb carpometacarpal joint, between the base of the thumb metacarpal and a wrist bone the trapezium. Thumb arthritis is sometimes referred to as basal joint arthritis. Due to the stresses with everyday activities, basal joint arthritis is very common.
Hand pain is more than just annoying. The stiffness and swelling that go along with hand pain can sap strength and diminish the ability to carry out routine functions, like buttoning clothes. One common cause of hand pain is osteoarthritis—when the shock-absorbing cartilage between bones in the finger joints and at the base of the thumb becomes worn or damaged.
Arthritis wears away at the cartilage of a joint, which is the cushioning material between bones. This can cause inflammation and irritation of the synovial lining, which produces the synovial fluid that helps protect and lubricate the joint. When arthritis affects the joints of the hands, it can cause pain and stiffness. That pain can get worse whenever you use your hand a lot for repetitive tasks.
Thumb arthritis is common with aging and occurs when cartilage wears away from the ends of the bones that form the joint at the base of your thumb — also known as the carpometacarpal CMC joint. Thumb arthritis can cause severe pain, swelling, and decreased strength and range of motion, making it difficult to do simple tasks, such as turning doorknobs and opening jars. Treatment generally involves a combination of medication and splints.
The hand contains more than 25 joints, and these joints are particularly susceptible to inflammation for people with rheumatoid arthritis RA. In fact, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the knuckles and wrists can be the first signs of this chronic systemic autoimmune disease. Inflammation, swelling, and stiffness in the knuckles and wrists can be the first signs of RA. Painful symptoms appear when the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints of the hand.