Inhabited since at least the 15th century B. Under a series of agreements known as the Oslo accords signed between andIsrael transferred to the newly-created Palestinian Authority PA security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the Gaza Strip as well as the West Bank. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled inafter which the area witnessed a violent intifada or uprising.
The known history of Gaza spans 4, years. Gaza was ruled, destroyed and repopulated by various dynasties, empires, and peoples. Alexander the Great besieged and captured the city in BCE.
Due in part to its desirable coastal location, the land now known as Gaza has been fought over from time to time for centuries, but the modern conflict over the region dates to Ina newly formed United Nations approved a plan to partition the region into a Jewish and an Arab state. The Palestinian Arabs, backed by Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, rejected the plan, as it gave them less than half the land despite their outnumbering Jewish residents two to one.
Current Gaza flare-ups are not happening in isolation. The situation has been building up for over 70 years. This square-mile stretch of land located along the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Israel has endured decades of protest, military operations and violence. On May 14,Israel officially declared independence, establishing the first sovereign Jewish nation in over 2, years.
Gaza first appears in the Tanach as a Philistine city, the site of Samson's dramatic death. Jews finally conquered it in the Hasmonean era, and continued to live there. Gaza is within the boundaries of Shevet Yehuda in Biblical Israel see Genesis 15JoshuaKings and Judges and therefore some have argued that there is a Halachic requirement to live in this land.
In he wrote Arab Revolutions, a book that attempted to draw lessons from the unfolding events across the region in the midst of their happenings. With the publication of an English translation of his latest book Gaza: A History Hurst,Filiu has written a most timely book that should be essential reading for anybody seeking to understand the role played by Gaza in both the Palestinian nationalist movement and in the wider struggles for democracy across the region. Given the political importance of this area, can I begin by asking you why you think it is that such a politically volatile and important region has had to wait until now to find a chronicler of its history?
The largest city is Gaza. Portions of this page, written based on experiences over the last 10 years, may be out of date as experiences from before the Hamas takeover inopen military conflict 27 Dec - 18 Janor the Israeli blockade differ from the current situation on the ground. As of Julya return to military conflict has caused substantial harm in the region, with destruction of property and civilian fatalities, although a ceasefire has been attempted.
The Gaza Strip is unusual in being a densely settled area not recognized as a de jure part of any extant country. The Gaza Strip is situated on a relatively flat coastal plain. The area receives an average of about 12 inches mm of precipitation annually. Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the employed population, and nearly three-fourths of the land area is under cultivation.
From Israel's occupation to a decade of siege, here is all you need to know about 'the world's largest open-air prison'. The Gaza Striphome to two million Palestinians, is frequently on the news. The small enclave is one of the most densely populated areas in the world and has been aptly described as "the world's largest open-air prison".
Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the State of Palestine. The territories of Gaza and the West Bank are separated from each other by Israeli territory. Both fell under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority but Gaza has since June been governed by Hamasa Palestinian Islamic organization  which came to power in free elections in It has been placed under an Israeli and U.