It is great to see how far open source software have evolved. Nice article, congratulations. I hope you can share more materials on the this amazing field of facial reconstruction.
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Forensic facial reconstruction or forensic facial approximation is the process of recreating the face of an individual whose identity is often not known from their skeletal remains through an amalgamation of artistry, anthropologyosteologyand anatomy. It is easily the most subjective—as well as one of the most controversial—techniques in the field of forensic anthropology. Despite this controversy, facial reconstruction has proved successful frequently enough that research and methodological developments continue to be advanced.
Facial reconstruction is a method used in the forensic field when a crime involves unidentified remains. Facial reconstruction is usually performed by a sculptor who is an expert in facial anatomy. Either way, the sculptor will work with forensic anthropologists to interpret the features of the skeleton that will ultimately help reveal the age, sex and ancestry of the victim.
Forensic facial reconstruction can be used to identify unknown human remains when other techniques fail. Through this article, we attempt to review the different methods of facial reconstruction reported in literature. There are several techniques of doing facial reconstruction, which vary from two dimensional drawings to three dimensional clay models.
This is a brief overview of how forensic 3-D manual craniofacial reproductions are done. While this instructable will show the process of one case from beginning to end, it is not intended to be a proxy for teaching the knowledge and skills required to perform a credible facial reproduction; that takes years of training. Please vote for this project in the Up contest here!
Identification of human remains has been a major problem for the medicolegal system. Thousands of people every year are buried with their identity and that of their killer unknown. Mass murders have been committed in many parts of the world, e.
All rights reserved. The most ancient natives are a Neanderthal woman and an early modern man. Their facial reconstructions are based on remains from elsewhere in Europe, but artifacts found in the Brighton area show that both were local residents some 40, years ago.
Facial approximations may be used by forensic investigators, anthropologists and archaeologists to assist in the identification of unknown victims of crime, to portray the faces of historical figures or illustrate the features of fossil human ancestors. However, facial approximations rely as much on artistic interpretation as anatomical knowledge and many researchers consider the method too subjective. As a result, facial approximation remains controversial and is generally considered only when other identification techniques have failed. If an investigation resorts to facial approximation, two and three-dimensional approaches are available.